What is A Family Court Family Court? Understanding Its Role and Functions

Family court is a specialized judicial body that deals with legal disputes and issues related to family relationships.
New York County Family Court - Mitchell Giurgola
New York County Family Court – Mitchell Giurgola

It encompasses a wide range of matters, from divorce and child custody to adoption and guardianship.

The primary aim of family courts is to resolve conflicts in a manner that protects the rights and welfare of all family members, especially children.

READ ALSO: Do You Know the Advantages of Filing a Divorce First? Find Out!

Types of Cases Handled by Family Court

Family courts handle a variety of cases that pertain to domestic and family issues.

Common Types of Cases Handled by Family Court

Here are some of the common types of cases that family courts typically oversee:

1.Divorce Proceedings

Legal dissolution of marriage, including the division of assets and debts.

2.Child Custody and Support

Determination of where the children will live and the financial support required for their upbringing.

3.Spousal Support

Financial support awarded to a spouse following a separation or divorce.

4.Protection Orders

Orders to protect individuals from domestic violence or abuse.


Establishment of a child’s legal father and related support.


Legal process to establish a parent-child relationship between individuals not biologically related.


Appointment of a guardian for minors or adults unable to make decisions for themselves.

7.Name Changes

Legal process for changing one’s name.

8.Juvenile Matters

Cases involving minors, such as delinquency or dependency issues.

These are just a few examples of the types of cases family courts are responsible for resolving.

They aim to make decisions that are in the best interests of the family, especially the children involved.

If you need more detailed information or have specific questions, it’s best to consult with a legal professional who specializes in family law.

What is the difference between a family court and civil court?

The difference between a family court and a civil court lies primarily in the types of cases they handle and their objectives:

Family Court

Specializes in issues related to family and domestic relationships.

Its goal is to resolve disputes in a way that prioritizes the best interests of the family, especially children.

Cases often include divorce, child custody, adoption, and domestic violence.

Civil Court

Deals with disputes between individuals or organizations seeking financial compensation or other remedies for wrongs that do not involve criminal sanctions.

Civil cases can include contract disputes, property damage, and personal injury claims.

While both courts aim to resolve disputes, family court focuses on legal issues within the context of family dynamics, often involving emotional and sensitive matters.

Civil court, on the other hand, typically addresses broader legal disputes where the primary concern is determining fault and awarding damages.

Do I need a lawyer to represent me in family court?

Whether you need a lawyer to represent you in family court can depend on several factors, including the complexity of your case, the specific laws in your jurisdiction, and your comfort level with legal procedures.

family court
Family Court | Mitchell Law

Here are some points to consider:

  • Legal Expertise: Family law can be complex and a lawyer can help navigate the legal system, file paperwork correctly, and provide expert advice.
  • Representation: Lawyers can represent your interests in court, especially if the other party has legal representation.
  • Self-Representation: Some people choose to represent themselves, known as “pro se” representation, particularly in simpler cases or when they cannot afford a lawyer.
  • Legal Aid: If you cannot afford a lawyer, you may qualify for legal aid or pro bono services in your area.

It’s often beneficial to at least consult with a lawyer to understand your rights and options before proceeding in family court.

What is the process of filing for divorce in family court?

The process of filing for divorce in family court generally involves several steps, which can vary depending on your location. Here’s a general outline of the process:

  1. Filing the Petition: The first step is to file a divorce petition with the family court to start the formal process of dissolving the marriage.
  2. Serving the Petition: Once the petition is filed, it must be legally served to the other spouse, providing them notice of the divorce proceedings.
  3. Response: The served spouse has an opportunity to respond to the petition, either agreeing to the terms or contesting them.
  4. Temporary Orders: If necessary, the court can issue temporary orders regarding child custody, support, and other matters while the divorce is pending.
  5. Discovery: Both parties exchange information and documents related to their assets, debts, and other relevant matters.
  6. Settlement: The spouses may reach a settlement agreement through negotiation or mediation, outlining the terms of the divorce.
  7. Trial: If a settlement isn’t reached, the case may go to trial, where a judge will make decisions on the unresolved issues.
  8. Final Judgment: The court issues a final divorce decree, officially ending the marriage and outlining the terms of the divorce.

It’s important to note that the specifics can differ based on local laws and the complexity of the divorce case.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How does family court differ from other courts?

Family courts focus exclusively on issues related to family law and provide a more sensitive environment for handling personal matters.

Can family court decisions be appealed?

Yes, similar to other courts, decisions made in family court can be appealed to a higher court.

How does the family court prioritize the welfare of children?

The family court always places the best interests of the child at the forefront of any decision-making process.

Leave a Comment